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Watch ancient text revealed and read for the first time in a thousand years! Archimedes was one of the world's greatest scientific and mathematical minds. His thoughts were inscribed on goatskin parchment, but the letters and diagrams were scraped off and written over by Greek monks in the Middle Ages. Now, using an intense x-ray beam generated at Stanford University's linear accelerator, some of the original Greek text will be revealed for the first time in the modern world. In this zany competition teachers will have ten minutes to create a science activity from a special secret ingredient. This week: rocks! In this zany competition teachers will have ten minutes to create a science activity from a special secret ingredient. This week-fruit! In this zany competition teachers will have ten minutes to create a science activity from a special secret ingredient. This week: crayons! In this zany competition teachers have ten minutes to create a science activity from a special secret ingredient. This week: iron! A century after publication of Einstein's famous papers on light and relativity, this most celebrated of Nobel Laureates will be the subject of a talk by award-winning science writer K.C. Cole. She'll discuss the ways in which Einstein continues to influence physics today, from detecting gravity waves to understanding string theory. Two Russian scientists--geologist Gennady Karpov and microbiologist Elizaveta Bonch-Osmolovskaya--discuss the unique volcanic features of the Uzon Caldera, the life forms living in the hot springs there, and the important questions they raise. This clip introduces the 2006 expedition to remote Kamchatka, Russia. Twenty scientists arrive via helicopter to study the unique microbiology and geochemistry of the hot springs of the Uzon Caldera. Microorganisms that can survive the scalding temperatures and acidity in the springs are called extremophiles, and understanding these organisms helps answer questions about the origin and evolution of life on earth. The remotely operated vehicle (ROV) Jason II measured temperatures as high as 200 degrees Celsius (392 degrees Fahrenheit) at these hydrothermal vents atop the Forecast Seamount in the Mariana Arc of the Pacific Ocean. Hydrothermal vents spew sulfur and other chemicals that support bacteria which use these chemicals to sustain life in a process called chemosynthesis. Snails and shrimp have colonized the site and are grazing on the chemosynthetic bacteria. Jason's suction sampler is used to collect some of these animals for analysis in the lab on board the ship. Can pets predict earthquakes? Do quakes happen more often at certain times of the day or year? And could a really big one mean the end of California? Exploratorium geologist Eric Muller separates earthquake fact from fiction.