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On August 1, 2008, a total solar eclipse occurred as the new moon moved directly between the sun and the earth. The moon's umbral shadow fell on parts of Canada, Greenland, the Arctic Ocean, Russia, Mongolia, and China. The Exploratorium's eclipse expedition team (our fifth!) Webcast the eclipse live from the remote Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in northwestern China near the Mongolian border.

On March 29, 2006, a total solar eclipse occurred as the moon moved directly between the earth and the sun. The moon's shadow fell on the earth, first darkening the eastern tip of Brazil, and then moved across the Atlantic Ocean to make landfall in Ghana, Africa. It continued moving northeast through Nigeria, Niger, Libya, Egypt, across the Mediterranean and into Turkey, where an Exploratorium team was waiting.

A telescope-only view of the 2006 eclipse, as seen from Turkey.

On Thursday, June 21, 2001, a total solar eclipse sped across the Southern Hemisphere. The shadow of the moon first darkened the South Atlantic about 250 miles east of the Uruguay coast. It crossed the Atlantic Ocean, traversed southern Africa and the island of Madagascar, and then vanished into the darkness as night fell over the Indian Ocean. We sent our crew to the country of Zambia to bring images of the total solar eclipse as it happened.