A brief introduction to the land of the midnight sun.
The only continent without any countries or government . . .
Find links relevant to research at the poles.
See recent articles on polar science.
The impacts of climate change hit most severely at the poles.
The frozen worlds of the Arctic and Antarctica
There's more to polar ice than just frozen water. Learn about the many varieties of ice found at the poles and how and where they form.
"Mac Town," the first stop for many scientists in Antarctica, is the same as any town���only different.
What makes Antarctica inhospitable to life also makes it ideal for astronomy.
Will the "real" South Pole please stand up?
Remote sensing allows geologists to peek under the ice – and find a big surprise.
The nearly ice-free Dry Valleys are an Antarctic anomaly, and Earth's closest equivalent to Mars.
Four times over 100-plus years, major initiatives have brought together scientists from around the globe to collaboratively study the poles.
Living along the continental coastline of Antarctica are the emperors and the Ad�lies.
Humpbacks, minkes, and orcas are often sighted in the nutrient-rich Antarctic waters.
The lure of Terra Australis Incognita begins with the Ancient Greeks and ends with modern cruise ships.
ExploratoriumPier 15, San Francisco, CA 94111